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Identifying Early Pokémon Cards

Introduction:

With the recent resurgence in interest in early Pokémon cards, it is more important than ever to be able to accurately identify sets from the Wizard of the Coast era.  This article will attempt to clarify the identification of Pokémon cards in order to allow the reader to more accurately judge the price of their cards. 

What makes some of these early Pokémon cards difficult to tell apart is the large number of printings that were made, as well as the subtle differences from print run to print run. Collectors will value the rarer print runs higher than the more commonly available ones.

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1st (Limited) Edition and Unlimited Edition:

The

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first print run of a set would have a special “Edition 1” logo on the left side of the card, just below the card art. An enlarged example of this logo is shown here. The 1st edition print run would typically be very limited, and once sold out, would no longer be available for sale. In fact, the first print runs of a set were officially called Limited Edition. 

To meet super-high demand from the public, an “Unlimited” edition version would then be printed. Unlimited edition cards don’t have the “Edition 1” logo on the left side. Typically, a 1st edition card will be worth more than an unlimited edition card. Often this price difference can be quite significant.

A Note on Pricing and Condition:

The examples throughout this text all utilize the Pokémon Charizard, who typically fetches the highest prices of any Pokémon from these early sets. Those looking to sell their collections should not expect Charizard-level pricing for other cards from these sets. While other Pokémon, like Blastoise and Venusaur, carry decent value, none approach the level of Charizard.  

The pricing examples all note that the estimated retail pricing reflects a card in Near Mint condition. Finding cards from this era in Near Mint condition can be quite difficult. Pokémon cards are essentially pieces of a game, and many became treasured possessions of children who took them to school in their pockets to show off and trade. As a result, cards frequently show significant wear, which significantly affects their value. Unless exclusively stored in binders and played with in card sleeves (which was virtually unknown at the time), there are few Near Mint examples in circulation. In addition, cards that came from a household with heavy cigarette smoke, or that were stored in a damp attic or garage in the intervening years, can have a lowered value, even if the card physically appears otherwise Near Mint.

If you are considering selling your cards to a store, expect a much lower price than the retail price as stores would typically only pay between 30% and 60% of the retail value of an item.

Base Set:

Pokémon Base Set was the first set of Pokémon TCG cards released in the United States. 

The Limited Edition print run of Base Set actually had two different printings, the second of which did not have the “Edition 1” logo. Both Limited Editions are known as “shadowless” printings—that is, there was no drop shadow underneath the art box on the right side of the card (note that shadows were only ever used on Pokémon themselves—trainer cards never had drop shadows). Despite both printings being shadowless, usually only the 2nd printing is referred to as “shadowless,” as it is easier to differentiate the 1st printing by its “Edition 1” logo.

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The image below shows a shadowless (left) and shadowed (right) card side-by-side. The shadow appears behind the art and is called out by the red arrows.

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Base Set: Limited Edition, 1st Printing (1st Edition, Shadowless)

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These cards are the most valuable and rare of the Base Set print runs.  This 1st print run was printed, distributed, and sold before “Pokémania” fully took root in the United States, making them extremely rare today, particularly in Near Mint condition. Collectors who do own these cards will typically have them authenticated and graded by a grading service such as Beckett Grading Services (BGS) or Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA). These cards, graded or ungraded, if authentic, can carry significant value. For example, the above Charizard card could be worth upwards of $5000 or more to a collector in perfect condition. 

Base Set: Limited Edition, 2nd Printing (Shadowless)

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The copyright line reads  “© 1995, 96, 98, 99 Nintendo, Creatures, GAMEFREAK. © 1999 Wizards.”  Interestingly, the later Unlimited print run omits the ’99’ year in the copyright. This copyright line is important to identify trainer cards from this print run, as only actual Pokémon had drop shadows in later printings.

More common than the true 1st edition, Shadowless cards are still quite rare compared to Unlimited edition.  A Charizard from this printing could have a retail value of up to $2000 in near mint condition.

Base Set: Unlimited Edition

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There were reportedly six separate printings of the Unlimited Edition of the Base Set.  The first five print runs had a copyright line that read: “© 1995, 96, 98 Nintendo, Creatures, GAMEFREAK. ©1999 Wizards.”.  These five print runs are completely identical, with no way to differentiate between them.  The final print run, which was only available in the United Kingdom, can be differentiated by a change to the copyright line which reads, ” ©1995, 96, 98 Nintendo, Creatures, GAMEFREAK. ©1999-2000 Wizards.” Cards from the sixth print run are much rarer due to their limited geographical distribution.

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Unlimited Edition made a number of aesthetic changes to the face of the cards. The overall card appears to be a lighter and brighter printing than the previous Limited Editions. The drop shadow was added behind the art box to add some depth to the card. In addition, certain text, such as the Pokémon’s HP value, was set in a bold typeface.

With five to six printings, these cards are by far the most common Base Set cards in existence, and their prices reflect that. Unlimited Edition was printed to meet the insane demand of a public that became obsessed with Pokémon. A Charizard from these printings could fetch about $500 in Near Mint condition from a collector. 

Base Set 2:

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